Back during the Cold War when I was a newly minted engineer (Electrical, thanks for asking!) I took a job at Three Letter Intelligence Agency. Everything there was burn-before-reading Top Secret, and the security clearances for some of the new hires hadn't been completed yet. So what does a big agency do with these folks?
Well, they sent us to training. One of the things that the taught us about was Traffic Analysis which is absolutely terrifying in today's Internet Age. However, some of the things were less techie. One of these were techniques on how to read Pravda.Soviet Union's Communist Party. It was well known to basically everybody that it was a propaganda sheet. Indeed, there was an old joke from the time about Pravda and its sibling newspaper Isvestia, playing on the meanings of both names. "Pravda" means "truth" in Russian, and "Isvestia" means "news". The joke went "There's no news in Pravda and no truth in Isvestia". Good times, good times.
- The Front Page belongs to the Party. Everything you see on the front page is the Party's most important messaging. The more prominent the article, the more you can assume that it is pure propaganda. Front Page above-the-fold articles are nothing but propaganda.
- Most of the time there will be actual journalistic facts reported in the story. You know, the Who/What/Where/When stuff. This will in general be in articles buried inside the newspapers, and/or buried in paragraph 25 (under the assumption that most people will scan the front page and maybe the first 2 or 3 paragraphs). Our trainer essentially taught us to read Pravda backwards, starting from the end and working our way back towards the front.
- Things that really, really bother the Party will be prominently displayed. Things that really really bother the Party will be on the front page, above the fold. While this seems to contradict item #1 above, it really doesn't. Sure, the actual contents of the article are nothing but propaganda, the information to be gleaned is that the subject is something that the Party hates.